In the years between the 1860’s and World War I, thousands of Carpathian Germans were emigrating to the United States. Several families settled in Charleroi, Pennsylvania, particularly from Muennichwies after 1900.
Thomas Kendrick, a direct descendant, estimated their number at some 300 families around the end of the 1930’s. Another Carpathian Germans group, from Metzenseifen, settled in the Cleveland, Ohio, to work for Theodor Kundtz, a Metzenseifener immigrant who by the end of the 19th century had become wealthy by building the wooden cases for White sewing machines.
Quite a descendants of these Carpathian German families (for example the Eiben, Kundtz, and Mueller families) are still living there.
Immigration List 1900 – 1921 from Muennichwies to Charleroi and the Mon Valley Area
1910 Census List (not in database) for Charleroi.
Immigration List Contributed by Thomas Tast, Germany
What follows is a list of those who emigrated from Muennichwies to the US, most to Charleroi and the Mon Valley area. Note that not all arrived through New York (Ellis Island). Others arrived in ports such as Baltimore. Unfortunately, records for ports other than NY are not yet available online. When known, the ship name is given followed by arrival port. The date is given in European style – date.month.year.
To complete and verify the information search for your ancestor at Ellis Island. Note that during this time Muennichwies was part of Hungary and in later days, part of Czechoslovakia. Its name in other languages is Vricko or Turocremete. You should also be aware that there were many misspellings. Be sure to look at a page before or after on the ship’s manifest as they typically took two pages. Here are the 1900 – 1921 listings:
Museum of Carpathian German Culture (SNM – Múzeum kultúry karpatských Nemcov)
Žižkova Street 14 / Vajanského nábrežie 2, PO Box 13, 810 06 Bratislava 16, Slovakia
Phone: +421 2 544 15 570 / +421 2 204 91 225-8
Fax: +421 2 59207241 / E-mail: email@example.com
Opening hours: Daily except for Mondays from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (last admission: 4:30 p.m.)
The museum is part of SNM (Slovak National Museum) and opened its doors on January 1, 1997, as a specialized museum on the life of Carpathian Germans through the ages. The Department of History & Culture of Carpathian Germans, an organization that was founded in 1994 (on August 1) had proceeded the museum as part of the Historical Museum Section of SNM.
The Museum of Carpathian German Culture (MCGC) is collecting, preserving, protecting, processing, and showcasing materials, articles, and artifacts that demonstrate the life and culture in all its varieties through the ages of Carpathian Germans and it is the museum’s mission to treat their culture and history objectively.
The contributions and achievements of German-Americans have through the centuries had a deep and lasting effect on how the United States has become the country that it is today. German immigrants, known for their hard work, thrift, practical skills, interest in the arts, crafts, and enjoyment of the good life, have definitely left their mark on American life and culture. Here we will highlight a few of the many German-Americans that played a prominent role in creating the United States as we know it today.
Many German immigrants contributed to transmitting and winning the freedoms that Americans are enjoying today. In 1735, the first key victory to gain freedom of the American press happened when John Peter Zenger, a journalist and printer with German-American roots, was granted the right by a jury to criticize the colonial government, and a Philadelphia-based German newspaper published the American Declaration of Independence first.
The first immigrants from Germany went to America because of the German ‘Thirty Years War’. This war broke out 1618 due to religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants.
Between 60 thousand and one hundred thousand German speaking immigrants are estimated to have fled their home lands to set out for America during that colonial era. The first and earliest German settlement was one that was named Germantown, located in Pennsylvania.
The history of Germantown started in October 1683, when thirteen German-speaking families came to Pennsylvania on their ship named Concord.
The families originated from the Krefeld region in the German state of Rhineland. Francis Daniel Pastorius was the leader of these early German immigrants who were predominantly Mennonites, and he had obtained a piece of land from Pennsylvania’s founder, William Penn.
The first Germantown settlers were craftsmen and farmers. Initially, they survived in the settlements by selling their crafted tools and farm produce on the streets and markets in Philadelphia, and it wasn’t long before they established a linen-weaving and production business at their location. By 1870, the Germantown population had already increased to over 3,000.
Every year, on October 6, the United States is celebrating German-American Day to commemorate the establishment of Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1683. The day is mostly celebrated by the largest ancestry group in America with almost 50 million US citizens claiming full or part German heritage.
Former President Barack Obama said some years ago on German-American Day that the US citizens of German descent are excelling in practically all disciplines and that they have their minds open to expanding human development and possibilities.
We are reminded of German achievements when we’re driving across suspension bridges, when we’re listening to a Steinway piano, or when we’re sending our children to kindergarten. In all these circumstances, we’re surrounded by their unique customs and traditions.
So how come there so many people of German descent in the United States? Well, it all started in the 1680s when a steady stream of German immigrants came to settle in the U.S. and the number of Germans made up almost ten percent of the total American population at the end of the 18th century.
American food is heavily influenced by the Germans, though this influence is largely hidden because it has been around for such a long time. The most reliable accounts state that around 25 percent of the American population is in some way of German descent. In earlier days, German restaurants and their food guaranteed a top notch culinary standard across most major American cities.
Nowadays, German restaurants are pretty hard to come by, even in cities that have strong German ties and traditions such as Milwaukee, Cincinnati, or St. Louis. and Milwaukee. Nevertheless, both the hamburger and the
Anyway, both the frankfurter and the hamburger and many other cured meat and sausage varieties, egg noodles, and numerous other so-called “typical American dishes have “their roots in the German cuisine. Strong German influences are even found in the proud barbecue cooking styles of many central Texas areas that house some major German influence pockets.
Some very popular American dishes, such as sauerbraten (the famous sweet and sour roast) retain their German names, just like sauerkraut, knackwurst (the sausage often referred to as knockwurst), leberwurst (that was slightly altered into liverwurst), and the always highly popular bratwurst. Americans are using the original German names comfortably, regardless whether they are of German descent or not.
By the mid-18th century, a steady stream of German immigrants came to America and they took a central place in everyday American life. German immigrants were accounting for more than 30% of the entire population of the new American colonies, only outnumbered by the English. In practically every colony, German was a widely spoken language. We have added the following video for arguments’ sake. It explains a lot, though we do not necessarily agree with the content:
In the 19th century, the flow of German immigrants was booming, after wars in both America and Europe had slowed down the stream of new immigrants for a couple of decades, a period that started in the mid-1770s, but around the mid-1830’s the German immigration flow had increased again dramatically.
By the time they were established in the new country and in their new home, the German settlers started to wrote to their friends and families in Europe and told them about all opportunities that were available in America.